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Old 11th February 2009, 18:12
Jérémie Tarpon Jérémie Tarpon is offline
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Ju 88 A weapons and gunners

Hello,

It is well known that the defensive armament of the Ju 88 A-4 was generally made of two single MG 81 J to protect the rear upper area and one twin MG 81 Z to cover the plane rear underside. This bomber had a crew of four: pilot (Flugzeugführer - F), observer (Beobachter - B), wireless operator (Bordfunker - Bf) and air gunner (Bordschütze - Bs). When under fighter attacks, the Bs used the MG 81 Z under twin guns while the Bf manned the rear upper weapons. I have also read of cases where the Bs went "upstairs" to fire one of the dorsal MG 81 J, but it was always a situation of two gunners operating three gun positions. My question is thus: was it possible for the observer to act as a second rear gunner? Otherwise, what was the rationale for providing three gun positions to only two gunners? Why not a twin MG 81 Z in the rear upper position?

Many thanks to those who take the time to answer my questions.

Jérémie
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Old 12th February 2009, 05:40
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Csaba B. Stenge Csaba B. Stenge is offline
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Re: Ju 88 A weapons and gunners

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Originally Posted by Jérémie Tarpon View Post
was it possible for the observer to act as a second rear gunner?
Jérémie,

B-1 and B-2 Stands (rear upper weapons) of the Ju 88 (A-5/D-2, A-4/D-1) were manned generally by the wireless operator and by the observer.
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